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J Infect Dis. 1996 Apr;173(4):1023-6. Related Articles

Seroprevalence to Bartonella quintana among patients at a community clinic in downtown Seattle.

Jackson LA, Spach DH, Kippen DA, Sugg NK, Regnery RL, Sayers MH, Stamm WE.

Department of Epidemiology (School of Public Health and Community Medicine), Seattle, WA 98195, USA.

In 1993, an outbreak of 10 cases of Bartonella quintana bacteremia occurred among homeless, alcoholic, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative persons in Seattle. To estimate the prevalence of past exposure B. quintana among this population, a serosurvey was conducted in 1994 among patients at a downtown Seattle clinic. Microimmunofluorescent titers to B. quintana in 192 clinic patients were compared with titers in 199 age- and sex-matched Seattle volunteer blood donors. Titers > or = 64 were detected in 20% (39/192) of clinic patients compared with 2% (4/199) of blood donors (P<.001). Among clinic patients, alcohol abuse was independently associated in multivariate analysis with titers > or = 64 (odds ratio, 3.3; 95% confidence interval, 1.6-6.9). Of the 39 patients with B. quintana titers > or = 64, 24 (62%) also had titers > or = 64 to Bartonella henselae, indicating serologic cross-reactivity between Bartonella species. These results suggest that a substantial proportion of this indigent, inner-city Seattle population was infected with B. quintana.

PMID: 8603944 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


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