DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
ARMED FORCES PEST
FOREST GLEN SECTION, WRAMC
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20307-5001
September 17, 1992
Ms. Deborah Altschuler,
National Pediculosis Association
P.O. Box 149
Dear Ms. Altschuler:
The AFPMB has completed its review
of the volume of reprints you provided for us on lice and disease. Thank you
for putting the package together for us.
Three reviewers from our Medical
Entomology Committee reviewed and independently submitted their analyses of the
reprints. The results of review were presented to the Medical Entomology
Committee, and subsequently submitted to the AFPMB Council at our July meeting.
The Medical Entomology Committee concluded that, based on the literature
reviewed, the head louse potentially can serve as a secondary vector of normal
louse-borne diseases, particularly epidemic typhus and louse-borne fever.
However, the primary vector of both these diseases, based on epidemiological
evidence, is the body louse.
Please note that neither of these
diseases are considered to be of military operational importance. However, they
are of interest in selected situations -- refugee situations, prisoner of war
camps, and in developing countries. These conclusions only address vector-borne
disease status, not pediculosis in its own right. Pediculosis per se is not
considered military significant because it does not have the potential to be a
The AFPMB made two recommendations.
One was to send a summary of the reviews to our pest management professionals.
A brief article also written for out Technical Information Bulletin. I have
attached a copy of that article. We also expect to send a summary to military
training centers for possible use in classroom instruction for the medical specialties,
The second major recommendation was to submit a copy of the volume of reprints
you provided a1ong with our review to the Armed Forces Pest Epidemio1ogy Board
(AFEB). We will ask that they do a similar review. I assume that you support this
recommendation and do not mind sharing another copy of your literature volume
with the AFEB.
We greatly appreciate you bringing this subject to our
attention. Thank you again for the service you have provided to the medical
HERBERT T. BOLTON
CAPT, MSC, USN