SAME AS No same as
SPONSOR RULES COM Weisenberg
COSPNSR Sidikman, Dinowitz, Ortiz, Perry, Benjamin, Clark, Cohen A, Colton,
Gordon, Greene, Gromack, John, Koon, Mayersohn, O`Donnell, Robinson
Amd S3306, Pub Health L
Bans the sale, use, and prescription of any product containing
hexachlorocyclohexane, commonly known as Lindane, and its isomers.
05/22/2003 referred to health
01/07/2004 referred to health
TITLE OF BILL : An act to amend the public health law, in relation
to banning the sale, use, and prescription of any product containing
the substance commonly known as Lindane
PURPOSE OF THE BILL : This bill prohibits any product used for the
treatment of lice or scabies in humans from containing the pesticide
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS : Finds that Lindane is the working ingredient
in over 2 million prescriptions for shampoos and creams meant to
control head lice and scabies and that these prescriptions are issued
to children, pregnant women and young mothers. Finds that the main
source of Lindane in sewers are from treatment of head lice and
scabies, that a single treatment of Lindane pollutes 6 million gallons
of water, and that Lindane has been shown to damage the liver, kidney,
nervous and immune systems of laboratory animals. Also finds that
there are more effective and less toxic products available for the
control of head lice.
JUSTIFICATION : Lindane is a man made pesticide that has been
categorized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency as a
persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic pollutant, meaning that it
lingers for a long period in the environment, moves up the food chain,
and is toxic to humans and wildlife. Additionally, lindane is highly
toxic. It is a carcinogen and can cause seizures or even death when
absorbed through the skin. In the past few years, over 500 cases of
adverse impacts from lindane-containing products have been reported.
Safer substitutes for the treatment of head lice and scabies are
readily available and widely used. Despite these adverse impacts and
the availability of alternatives, the use of lindane-containing
shampoos and creams continues to be permitted by prescription.
Lindane is particularly toxic in the environment. After use, lindane
shampoos and creams are rinsed off in the sink or shower, and the
residue makes its way through the sewer to a wastewater treatment
plant. Since lindane is not removed well in wastewater treatment
plants, it passes through to downstream rivers, lakes or the ocean.
Lindane has been shown to be a human carcinogen. Recent case control
studies report high rates of childhood brain cancer treated with
lindane shampoo. These findings are supported by several reports of
six-fold increases non-Hodgkins lymphoma in farmers exposed to
lindane, evidence of carcinogenicity is confirmed by the World Health
Organization, the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department
of Health and Human Services.
Lindane is a known hemotoxin-blood poison. In many case reports,
lindane exposure from recommended dosages has resulted in blood
diseases such as aplastic anemia. Aplastic anemia, which has a high
fatality rate, is a precursor to leukemia. Lindane is also a
neurotoxin - nerve poison. In many cases, treatment with lindane
shampoos have resulted in vomiting, seizures, brain damage, and comas.
Adverse effects have resulted from recommended dosages of this
Children under the age of seven, children who were born premature, and
pregnant women are the most at risk for immediate adverse effects from
lindane exposure. Lindane is readily absorbed through the skin and can
immediately cause central nervous system damage. It has also been
shown to pass through the placenta, creating a serious risk for
expectant mothers. Absorption of lindane is increased when applied
with warm water or followed by oil-based hair care products.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates all pharmaceutical
products, lindane included. To date, the FDA has taken very little
action to inform patients of the long term effects of exposure to
lindane. The Environmental Protection Agency has severely restricted
the use of lindane as an agricultural pesticide due to lindane`s
adverse health effects.
PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY : New
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS : None.
EFFECTIVE DATE : The bill will take effect 180 days after it shall